What is a migraine?
Migraine is Neurological Disease. It is caused by hyperexcitability of sensory neurons, and is mainly manifested in moderate to severe headaches. A migraine attack can last from 4 to 72 hours. The frequency of attacks varies from a few episodes a year to more than 15 days a month.
What are the symptoms of a migraine headache?
In 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) ranked migraines among the 10 most debilitating diseases. Although this disease is benign, it affects the affected person’s quality of life. Each migraine headache is manifested by one or more of the following symptoms.
- Migraine pain Headache: moderate or severe, often one-sided and always throbbing. In most cases, the migraine sufferer is forced to stop his activity.
- Gastrointestinal symptoms Headache sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
- Phobia of sound and light Noise and light may be difficult to tolerate during a migraine attack. The migraine sufferer must seek refuge in a quiet place, away from the light.
- Migraine headache with aura Migraine is sometimes preceded by visual disturbances (ocular migraine), sensory disturbances, vertigo or language problems. These symptoms last from 30 minutes to 1 hour and disappear completely when the headache begins.
How do you live with a migraine?
It’s a fact: a migraine isn’t a simple headache. Crisis after crisis, the pain reminds you that your current activity can be stopped at any moment. Living with a migraine requiresAdapt your personal and professional life Daily. Here are some avenues to explore to better manage this invisible disease.
1. Determine the causes of migraine attacks
Various triggers can cause headaches. Stress, alcohol, food, can vary depending on the patient. To help you identify them and avoid another migraine attack, we have listed the most common ones for you:
- Tired ;
- Stress and strong emotions
- lack of sleep;
- hormonal fluctuations ;
- taking treatment;
- consumption certain foods (chocolate, foods containing glutamate, etc.);
- skip a meal
- strong light ;
- loud noises;
- strong scents
- climatic factors (Extreme cold or high heat);
- Tobacco consumption oralcohol.
2. Keep a migraine diary
Migraine diary is An effective tool for identifying the causes of your seizures. It also allows you to check the effectiveness of migraine treatments: take acute medication during an attack and take maintenance therapy to prevent attacks. This data will be valuable in the event of a consultation with a doctor. Your migraine diary should contain the following information:
- History of a migraine attack
- The duration of the crisis
- symptoms ;
- intensity of pain
- taking treatment;
- effect of the drug(s);
- causes of the crisis.
You can keep a paper notebook or use the Apo Migraine app created by a medical professional.
3. Prevent migraine attacks
The brain of a migraine sufferer is hypersensitive. Therefore it is necessary to Maintain your sanity by respecting a healthy lifestyle. Part of preventing migraine attacks is following these tips.
- Stay hydrated: One of the triggers for the crisis is dehydration.
- Eat healthy and enough: Skipping meals can also trigger a migraine attack.
- Get regular and adequate sleep: Lack of sleep is often the cause of headaches.
- Set aside daily breaks dedicated to relaxation: this includes fight stressone of the factors sometimes involved in migraine headaches.
- Do regular physical activity: During exercise, you release endorphins. These sedatives produced by the body provide a feeling of comfort and relaxation.
4. Learn the chronology of a migraine attack to better manage it
A migraine attack occurs in several stages. Knowing its exact chronology allows the migraine sufferer to adapt their activity accordingly. Here are the four main stages of a migraine attack.
- gesture : This stage precedes the headache. Fatigue, emotionality, craving for fatty and sweet foods, trouble concentrating, and various symptoms are harbingers of a migraine attack. It’s time to step up!
- aura This step is for patients with migraine with aura only. Visual, sensory, verbal disturbances, and even numbness of the extremities may appear on one side of the body.
- Headache : Single and throbbing pain often accompanied by intolerance to noise and light and sometimes nausea or even vomiting. From the first pain, take an analgesic remedy.
- Postdrome : Pain gives way to a feeling of fatigue. A crisis can have effects on the body (aches) and the mind (difficulty concentrating, even a brief depressive state). Smoothly resume your daily activities.
5. Keep your migraine medication and supplies with you at all times
Living with a migraine requires a little organization! In fact, it’s best to prepare yourself well on a daily basis when you’re experiencing migraine attacks. Do you have an outdoor activity planned? is being Ready at any time to relieve a potential migraine attack. Here are the items you should have with you at all times:
- A headache relief remedy.
- Hot or cold spots
- ear balls
- blackout mask
- Sunglasses with blue light filter.
- water bottle.
6. Talk about your illness to reconcile migraines with career
The migraine brain is very sensitive to the slightest change. Work life is full of triggers that promote migraine attacks. A noisy workspace, excessive lighting, and intermittent working hours are all factors likely to cause a new crisis. In addition to the pain felt during an attack, a migraine sufferer must often confront the puzzled gaze of his peers and hierarchies. In fact, Migraine is a poorly understood disease. For many, it’s just a simple headache. Therefore, migraines in general elicit little empathy in the workplace.
So, how do you juggle migraines with work? It is recommended Talk about your illness to your professional entourage. You can also discuss this with your labor doctor. Arrangements can be made for the employee affected by this health issue: a quieter workspace, flexible working hours according to crises, telecommuting, rest room, etc.
7. Organize your activities by illness to balance migraines with social life
Living with migraines also requires you to be organized to enjoy activities with family or friends. It is advisable to space out the trips and plan ahead. Here are some practical tips based on the planned activity.
- For a family meal: Avoid any extra workload by asking your guests to bring every dish.
- To go to a restaurant: Book a place that is free from direct light and away from background music.
- To attend a show: Take anti-noise balls for your ears.
8. Adopt the right reflexes from the onset of the migraine
As soon as the first symptoms appear, do everything possible to bypass the migraine attack.
- comfort in dark and quiet place.
- Put a cold cloth on your forehead.
- take one Pain relief medicine.
- Drink water to avoid dehydration.
Migraine in 3 questions
Need help improving your daily migraine headaches? Discover our answers to 3 questions people with migraines often ask.
How do you overcome a severe migraine?
Paracetamol has no effect on migraines? Your doctor can prescribe for you Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For more severe migraines, doctors also have the option of prescribing another family of medications. It is ‘Treatment with triptans This reduces the dilation of blood vessels in the brain. Be careful, excessive consumption of sedative medications can lead to chronic migraines.
What alcohol should you drink if you have migraines?
Along with food, alcohol is one of the triggers for migraine headaches. White wine in particular is known to contain more sulfites, components that can cause headaches in the intolerant person. Therefore it is recommended to prefer Red wine consumption.
Who sees in case of migraine?
You can consult Your treating doctor In case of migraine. If you are a migraine sufferer who prefers hormonal variations attacks, you should talk to them Gynecologist. Still in an active life, are your migraines getting too debilitating? talking about Your working doctor So that your illness is taken into account in your daily professional life.