La Banque mondiale  accorde un prêt de 500 millions de dollars au Maroc

The World Bank grants Morocco a loan of $500 million

Strengthening human capital, protecting against health risks and managing climate risks

The process of integrating Ramed beneficiaries will begin in the second half of 2022, for effective integration before the end of the year.

Morocco and the World Bank signed on July 25th in Rabat an agreement worth $500 million, representing the first tranche of the loan dedicated to boosting human capital for a resilient Morocco. This agreement, signed by Faouzi Lekjaa, Minister Delegate to the Minister of Economy and Finance, responsible for the budget, and Jesko Henschel, Director of the Maghreb, Malta, Middle East and North Africa Department of the World Bank, aims to improve protection against health risks, loss of human capital in childhood and poverty in old age. . It also aims to improve climate risk management and resilience to catastrophic events. This funding rests on three pillars. The first relates to measures aimed at enhancing material and human resources to improve health services provided to all beneficiaries.

This includes registering up to 11 million independent workers (TNS) and their families and integrating up to 11 million people currently registered with Ramed into the AMO. As for the second axis, it includes the procedures for implementing the family subsidy program and expanding the coverage of pension systems. This reform includes the adoption of decrees and other legislation to ensure sound governance and the identification and targeting of health and social protection reforms. The third pillar aims to improve resilience to natural disasters and climate risks. To this end, the institutional and coordination framework for disaster and climate-related risk management will be strengthened, coordination committees established that include key stakeholders and the improvement of risk transfer mechanisms such as agricultural insurance will be strengthened.

The integration of Ramédistes into AMO will begin this second semester

On the occasion of the signing of this agreement, Mr. Lekjaa indicated that the process of integrating Ramed beneficiaries into AMO will start in the second half of 2022, for effective integration before the end of the year. The latter determined that, to date, 2 million people (and 8 million if we add dependents) benefit from AMO, which represents a total of 70% of this group of 11.17 million people. The minister pointed out that the government has effectively contributed to the development of the legal framework by adopting 14 decrees, thanks to which 11 million independent workers and their families will be able to benefit from the medical coverage and cover the costs of the AMO medical consultation. Medicines, hospitalization and care. With the aim of continuing the rapid dissemination of the universal social protection, in this case the component related to the universalization of AMO and family allowances, several measures are envisaged.

Elles portent sur la poursuite du processus d’adoption et de mise en œuvre de l’arsenal juridique, notamment les décrets relatifs à l’AMO de différentes catégories de professionnels et travailleurs indépendants et persones non-activénéi libés, °65-00 portant code de la couverture médicale de base, la loi-cadre n°34-09 relative au système de santé et à l’offre de soins, le statut particulier des professionnels de santé et la loi relative au régime de la Social security. The Minister also indicated to raise the level of governance of the National Social Sciences Council to take into account the awarding of the AMO Mainstreaming Management to this organization. Another important measure is the launch of a reflection to define the governance and management framework for the other components of the social protection system (family allowances, retirement, compensation for job loss) to ensure greater efficiency in the management of these systems.

Mr. Lekjaa also referred to the continued implementation of reforms aimed at adapting the health system to the health risks associated with climate change, improving the quality of care, modernizing health infrastructure, increasing focus on family medicine and strengthening human resources in the field of health. These supply reforms will enable better distribution of health services to local authorities and increase their responsibility. Finally, the Minister reminded that health workers will be strengthened by creating a new situation that differs from the general situation of the civil service and by authorizing foreign doctors to practice in Morocco. The reforms will also include performance-based incentives for healthcare professionals to improve the quality of care.

Building resilience to water stress

Climate change poses many challenges for Morocco. The country is in a state of structural water stress and rainfall levels have been increasingly erratic in recent years. In a press release published on July 20, the World Bank noted that between 1960 and 2020, available renewable water resources declined from 2,560 cubic meters to about 620 cubic meters per capita annually, leading the country into a state of “structural water stress”. During the same period, the kingdom built more than 120 large dams, increasing water storage capacity tenfold.

However, the actual volume of water stored in the country’s major dams has declined over most of the past decade. The same source confirms, “During the recent drought, the total filling rate was only about 33%, which threatens water security in some river basins and prompts the authorities to take emergency measures.” Morocco will continue to face climatic shocks such as droughts, floods and heat waves. This new funding will help increase Morocco’s ability to adapt to climate change.

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