The origin of our food is more questionable than ever. The environmental cost of ingredients that have traveled half the planet drives societies to rely on short circuits, or even to achieve food self-sufficiency. Are you ready to eat only national products?
In Mouans-Sartoux, in the French Alpes-Maritimes where the RTS visited (see report at the bottom of the page), fruits and vegetables served in canteens are produced directly in the city. Since 2011, the Municipal Agriculture Authority has been cultivating six hectares to provide 1,300 necessary meals every day with plants.
This project is part of a more ambitious plan, promoting sustainable food through purely local production. Climate problems and current risks are prompting public authorities to take an interest in the issue of food sovereignty.
Switzerland is self-sufficient, is that possible?
In Switzerland, too, experts are looking into this issue. In 2021, the Federal Office for National Economic Supplies (AEP) published a report produced with the help of the Agroscope. This describes in detail what an optimal national agricultural production would look like in order to feed all of Switzerland locally.
The conclusions of the report are contradictory: it would theoretically be possible to produce the minimum target calories, but at the expense of a diet of little variety and perhaps with some deficiencies. However, the study allows us to understand some of the necessary sacrifices if we are to move towards a more sustainable local diet. We invite you to try it out by answering the quiz below:
The AEP analysis aims to respond to the potential risks of global and significant shortages. Some of these conclusions remain relevant with regard to the sustainability of our food. Thus, meat and exotic products will seriously decrease or disappear completely from our plates.
These foods are either resource-intensive or unsuitable for our culture, and perhaps both. They often involve a significant environmental cost. Here are the details of the ideal calorie diet:
>> See also the 7:30 pm report on the town of Mwansarto (in French), which promotes food sovereignty.