The Iranian nuclear file is progressing slowly but surely. Le 8 août, après quatre jours de négociations à Vienne entre les diplomates de l’ensemble des parties (Iran, Russie, Chine, France, Royaume-Uni et Allemagne), un texte a été mis sur la table, sous l’égide de European Union. Another attempt to salvage the 2015 agreement torpedoed by the unilateral withdrawal of the United States in 2018 under the leadership of Donald Trump. The agreement, known by its English acronym JCPOA, aims to ensure the civilian nature of Iran’s nuclear program, which despite its denials is accused of seeking to acquire atomic weapons.
The aim of the talks, in which the United States is indirectly involved, was to put the process back on track. On Tuesday, a spokesman for the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, urged Tehran and Washington to take quick decision » on the final compromise, noting that it was a proposal to accept or leave. ” Everything that could be negotiated has been incorporated into the final version of the text, and it is now up to the signatories to make policy decisions. »It is to explain. ” Is it yes or no? »he insisted: There is no longer room for more concessions ». ” As coordinator of the negotiations, Josep Borrell awaits crucial political decisions. No deadline has been set, but we expect all participants to make that decision very quickly »His spokesperson said again.
Iran asks for “confirmations” » to the European Union
For its part, Iran points out that ” The EU’s proposals are acceptable on the condition that they provide assurances to Iran at various points », according to the official IRNA news agency, citing an Iranian diplomat, without revealing his name. cited “Penalties” international, ” Guarantees » The United States will not question the agreement and the outstanding issues with the International Atomic Energy Agency. Iran is already subject to several sanctions, particularly since the US withdrew from the 2015 agreement. The country, in particular, has been excluded from the Swift banking messaging platform, as was the case for Russia recently after the invasion in Ukraine.
Another sticking point, Iran is asking the International Atomic Energy Agency to close the issue of undeclared sites, where traces of enriched uranium were found. On Sunday, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian called on the International Atomic Energy Agency to resolve the issue. completely ” This issue ” in the technical waygive up ‘Unrelated political issues’.