En Chine, les appartements neufs sont le plus souvent vendus avant leur construction.

In China, many landlords stop making mortgage payments

Newly married Mr. Wang was about to move in with his pregnant wife in their new apartment. But the dream is turning into a nightmare with the real estate crisis in China preventing some promoters from completing the work. To buy the house, three years ago, the 34-year-old future father took out a loan equal to 300,000 euros. But without any progress on the site for about a year, he made a drastic decision: to stop paying monthly installments.

Like him, buyers in dozens of cities are boycotting refunds to put pressure on promoters…themselves are crippled by debt and cash shortages. “They told me that construction will resume soon‘, tells AFP Mr. Wang, who does not wish to reveal his full name.But in the end, no factor came.A resident of Beijing, he had intended to move to this purchased accommodation in Wuhan, a large city in central China. “It was difficult for us to buy this apartment. I put all my savings in it“He explains.”In the end, we still have to repay 2 million yuan (300,000 euros) for the loan. “

Only 60% of pre-sold homes have been delivered

China has seen a boom in this sector since the real estate market liberalization in 1998. Developers have been able to expand thanks to bank loans. But their debts have ballooned so much that from 2020 the authorities decided to stop them. This has reduced financing opportunities for real estate giants such as former Number One Evergrande, which have been struggling for months to pay off mountains of debt. The difficulties of Chinese real estate, which accounts for a quarter of the country’s gross domestic product, were only revealed last year when Evergrande began struggling to pay its creditors.

According to Nomura Bank, developers in China have so far only delivered about 60% of pre-sold homes between 2013 and 2020. The task has been complicated by these boycotts of monthly payments and pressure from the government – concerned with social stability – to deliver apartments to buyers as quickly as possible. maybe. In Wuhan, other future owners told AFP that the delivery date of their accommodations had been pushed back several times by developer Myhome Real Estate. They were supposed to move in at the end of 2021 but they still didn’t see anything coming. The manufacturer promised this week that it hopes to complete the site at the end of 2022. The zero-Covid strategy has not helped the situation.

New apartments in China are often sold before they are built. So when the developer cannot complete the work, it is the buyer who finds himself damaged. This led to the factA crisis of confidenceIn the real estate market, estimates a recent report by Andrew Batson, analyst at Gavekal Dragonomics.

Read also – New home prices in China fall for the first time in 7 years

I never thought this could happen“, a 25-year-old buyer from Wuhan, told AFP about his still unfinished house. He explains that his entire family paid to finance his three-room apartment in 2018.I no longer want to payExplains Mr. Xue, another buyer. Unable to return to his residence, the 24-year-old is renting an apartment whose rent is severely affecting his finances. “This does not disregard the law or contracts. It’s just that this pressure puts us in an impossible situation. His family brought in a down payment of 800,000 yuan (116,000 euros). He also took out a loan of 600,000 yuan (87,000 euros).

According to many Wuhan buyers, protests erupted by the city’s disgruntled owners. In all, more than 300 real estate projects in about 100 cities have been affected by this payment county, according to a collaborative document posted online under the title “WeNeedHome.” There are several of them in Zhengzhou, a major city in central China where the authorities, however, have set up a fund to help developers so that they can complete the work.

Now, the loss of Chinese confidence in the sector could exacerbate the crisis, warns Tommy Wu, an analyst at Oxford Economics. “The risk of a vicious cycle – falling home sales and prices, growing distress among developers and deteriorating local government finances – is worrisome.. “

see also – ‘Get old before you get rich’: Why is China worried about low birthrates?

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